Chapter 6. Accidentals


Theory

This chapter teaches you about accidentals. First, you'll learn about a half step. Then, I explain what accidantals are. In the video, I show how to raise and lower tones with sharps and flats. You learn the names of the notes with a sharp and flat. You'll do exercises to practice these names.


1. What is a half step?

 

A half step is the distance from any key to the very next key up or down, with no key between.

 

Explanation

Half steps on the piano

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2. What is an accidental?

 

Before the note a symbol can be placed that raises of lowers it. This symbol is called an accidental. These accidentals are called a sharp, a flat, a double sharp and a double flat.


3. Sharps and flats

 

kruis A sharp raises a note by a half step.
mol A flat lowers a note by a half step.

 

Video

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Explanation

What are the names of the notes with a sharp?

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What are the names of the notes with a flat?

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Names of the notes with sharp and flat

 

natural note kruis Notenlezen voortekens mol Notenlezen voortekens
 
sharp
flat
A A# Ab
B B# Bb
C C# Cb
D D# Db
E E# Eb
F F# Fb
G G# Gb

Practise

 

Note Reading exercise 4a: practise reading notes with sharp and flat.


Note Reading exercise 4b: practise reading notes with sharp and flat, additional exercise.

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4. Double sharp and double flat

 

In practice, you will not see double sharps and double flats often.
Are you a beginner? Then you can skip this part or do it later.

 

x A double sharp raises a note two half steps.
bb A double flat lowers a note two half steps.

 

Explanation

What are the names of the notes with a double sharp?

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What are the names of the notes with a double flat?

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Names of the notes with double sharp and double flat

 

natural note x bb
 
double sharp
double flat
A A## Abb
B B## Bbb
C C## Cbb
D D## Dbb
E E## Ebb
F F## Fbb
G G## Gbb

Practise

 

Note Reading exercise 4c: practise reading notes with double sharps and double flats.

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